Commentaries

Liberal Cooperation vs. Great Power Rivalry? How the New U.S. Seapower Strategy Shapes World Order
In March 2015, the U.S. published its updated and revised “Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower: Forward, Engaged, Ready (CS-21R). CS-21R was developed jointly by the Navy, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard. It is one of the first official documents that tries to translate the strategic “rebalance toward ...
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Managing Security Risks at Sea: A Challenge for the Shipping Industry
Hans Liwång, (Swedish Defence University), Karl Sörenson (Swedish Defence University) and Cecilia Österman (Linnaeus University) Ship security measures are often the first and only measures preventing criminal acts at sea. At the same time ship operators have had problems defending the quality of their ship security analysis when it is ...
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Norm Subsidiarity in Maritime Security: Why East Asian States Cooperate in Counter-Piracy
Terrence Lee and Kevin McGahan, National University of Singapore Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia are the three key littoral countries that border the Straits of Malacca, a major waterway and transit area in Southeast Asia which has traditionally witnessed a fair amount of maritime piracy through the ages. While these countries ...
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The Fourth Annual International Maritime Security Conference ‘Governance’ 23/24 March 2015
Global Directions, Merton College Oxford in Conjunction with the Hudson Trust and the First Sea Lord’s Fellowship Anja Shortland, Julia Amos and Sarah Percy This year’s conference was on the theme of “governance” and explored both state and non-state responses to insecurity, risks and opportunities in the maritime domain. It ...
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China’s Strategic Dilemma in the Indian Ocean
David Brewster, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University China is facing a growing strategic dilemma in the Indian Ocean. The balance of power in the Indian Ocean is changing, driven by the erosion of the longstanding US strategic predominance and the rise of China and India as major ...
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Flag States, Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel and Human Rights Violations at Sea
By Jessica N.M. Schechinger, Amsterdam Center for International Law, University of Amsterdam It is considered to be the task of a flag state to provide security to commercial vessels flying its flag (Spearin 2012). Yet flag states increasingly transfer this task by allowing ship-owners to hire Privately Contracted Armed Security ...
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Combatting Maritime Piracy: African Perspectives on an Emerging Threat
Henri Fouché, University of South Africa (UNISA) In 2014 the South African Journal Acta Criminologica (Southern African Journal of Criminology) published a special edition on African perspectives on combating maritime crime. Most articles are based on papers presented at a conference entitled “Sea Piracy: International and Continental Responses” organised by ...
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Pirate Mania: Counter-Piracy and the Security-Development Nexus in Somalia
Brittany Gilmer, Florida International University Following the 2009 hijacking of the U.S.-flagged Maersk Alabama and kidnapping of its captain, rethinking the existing framework for combating piracy off the coast of Somali was next to inevitable. The Maersk Alabama hijacking not only raised questions about the size and capabilities of existing ...
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Strategies for Resolving Maritime Disputes: Privatization vs. Institutionalization
Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, University of Iowa and Stephen C. Nemeth, Oklahoma State University Finding ways to resolve maritime disputes and to peaceably allocate maritime resources has become an important concern in international politics. Increasing global population growth combined with the increasing scarcity of some maritime resources has resulted in more ...
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The Maritime Dimension of Conflict Prevention and Resolution: Lessons Learned from East Africa
Francois Vreÿ, Stellenbosch University, South Africa Africa’s maritime domain has steadily emerged as an important security landscape for Africans as well as for the wider international community. This importance is portrayed by the ever-growing number of naval vessels in African waters, but also in the turn to maritime matters taking ...
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