Professor Christian Bueger and Dr. Jan Stockbruegger have conducted a review of the current security situation in the Western Indian Ocean. The study is published in African Security Review. They show which insecurities are on the rise and argue that the rise of geopolitical concerns increasingly produces a militarization dilemma: foreign naval forces are needed to address insecurity on the one hand, but they might become a source of insecurity in their own right due to growing tensions on the other. They discuss if and how the current security architecture can cope with the problems, pointing in particular to SHADE and the Contact Group.
Bueger and Stockbruegger discuss the article in an episode of the Sea Control podcast.