Maritime security sector reform and capacity building are very recent forms of international engagement. The academic literature remains very limited. Core resources and prior publications relevant for the project include:

Project Publications

Policy Documents

A range of proposals, guides and strategy papers informs the approach of SAFE SEAS. This includes:

  • Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia. Documents of the Working Groups on Capacity Building, available at 
  • Houben, Marcus. 2014. Operational coordination of naval operations and capacity building, available at
  • Sandoz, John F. 2012. “Maritime Security Sector Reform.” United States Institute of Peace Working Paper 306, Washington: United States Institute of Peace.
  • Shemella, Paul. 2016. “Integrated Strategies Against Maritime Violence.” In Global Responses to Maritime Violence, ed. Paul Shemella. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 71–87.
  • Shemella, Paul. 2016. “Assessing Maritime Governance.” In Global Responses to Maritime Violence, ed. Paul Shemella. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 88–104.
  • United States Government. 2010. Maritime Security Sector Reform. Washington, D.C.: US Government. available at

Further Literature

  • Baker, Michael L. 2011. “Toward an African Maritime Economy: Empowering the African Union to Revolutionize the African Maritime Sector.” Naval War College Review 64(2): 39–62.
  • Bateman, Sam. 2011. “Solving the ‘ Wicked Problems ’ of Maritime Security: Are Regional Forums up to the Task?” Contemporary Southeast Asia 33(1): 1–28.
  • Bergenas, Johan, and Ariella Knight. 2016. Secure Oceans. Collaborative Policy and Technology Recommendations for the World’s Largest Crime Scene. Washington, D.C.: Stimson Center.
  • de Coning, Eve, and Emma Witbooi. 2015. “Towards a New ’fisheries Crime’ Paradigm: South Africa as an Illustrative Example.” Marine Policy 60: 208–15.
  • Ehrhart, Hans-Georg, and Kerstin Petretto. 2014. “Stabilizing Somalia: Can the EU’s Comprehensive Approach Work?” European Security 23(2): 179–94.
  • Fantaye, Demessie. 2014. Regional Approaches to Maritime Security in the Horn of Africa. Addis Ababa: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
  • Forbes, Andrew, ed. 2010. Maritime Capacity Building in the Asia-Pacific Region. Canberra: Sea Power Centre Australia.
  • Hong, Nong. 2012. “Charting a Maritime Security Cooperation Mechanism in the Indian Ocean: Sharing Responsibilities among Littoral States and User States.” Strategic Analysis 36(3): 400–412.
  • Kelleher, Kieran. 2015. “Building the Blue Economy in the WIO Region.” Working paper presented at the Blue Economy and Oceans Governance Workshop of the 8th Conference of Parties Meeting for the Nairobi Convention, 22-24 June 2015, Mahe, Seychelles.
  • Khalid, Nazery. 2009. “With a Little Help from My Friends: Maritime Capacity-Building Measures in the Straits of Malacca.” Contemporary Southeast Asia 31(3): 424–46.
  • Klein, Natalie. 2011. Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Kraska, James, and Raul Pedrozo. 2013. International Maritime Security Law. Leiden & Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.
  • Potgieter, Thean. 2012. “Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean: Strategic Setting and Features.” Institute for Security Studies Working Paper (236), Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.
  • Rao, P.V. 2010. “Indian Ocean Maritime Security Cooperation: The Employment of Navies and Other Maritime Forces.” Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 6(1): 129–37.
  • Saint-Mézard, Isabelle. 2015. The French Strategy in the Indian Ocean and the Potential for Indo-French Cooperation. RSIS Policy Report, March 2015, Singapore: RSIS.

Elina Niemimaa, Marko Niemimaa (2017) Information systems security policy implementation in practice: from best practices to situated practices, European Journal of Information Systems(June 2015), Palgrave Macmillan UK, url, doi:10.1057/s41303-016-0025-y

Barry J. Ryan () Zones and routes: Securing a western Indian Ocean, Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 00(00), p. 1-16, Taylor & Francis, url, doi:10.1080/19480881.2010.847561

Paul Shemella (2016) Integrated Strategies Against Maritime Violence, Global responses to Maritime Violence, Paul Shemella (ed.), p. 71-87, Stanford: Stanford University Press

Africa Center for Strategic Studies (2016) The Process of National Maritime Security Strategy Development in Africa, Washington D.C.: African Centre for Strategic Studies

Barry J. Ryan (2015) Security spheres: A phenomenology of maritime spatial practices, Security Dialogue 46(6), p. 568-584, url, doi:10.1177/0967010615598049

Mary Venner (2015) The concept of ‘capacity’ in development assistance: new paradigm or more of the same?, Global Change, Peace & Security(July), p. 1-12, url, doi:10.1080/14781158.2015.994488

Christian Bueger (2015) Learning from piracy: future challenges of maritime security governance, Global Affairs 1(1), p. 33-42, url, doi:10.1080/23340460.2015.960170

K. Cote-Boucher, F. Infantino, M. B. Salter (2014) Border security as practice: An agenda for research, Security Dialogue 45(3), p. 195-208, url, doi:10.1177/0967010614533243

Christian Bueger (2013) Communities of Security Practice at Work? The Emerging African Maritime Security Regime, African Security 6(3-4), p. 297-316, url, doi:10.1080/19392206.2013.853579

C. Bueger (2012) Drops in the bucket? A review of onshore responses to Somali piracy, WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs 11(1), doi:10.1007/s13437-012-0022-5

Christian Bueger, Jan Stockbruegger, Sascha Werthes (2011) Pirates , Fishermen and Peacebuilding: Options for a Sustainable Counter-Piracy Strategy in Somalia, Contemporary Security Policy 32(2), p. forthcoming, url, doi:10.1080/13523260.2011.590359